Radiological Emergency Preparedness

On December 7, 1979, following the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accident in Pennsylvania, President Carter transferred the Federal lead role in offsite radiological emergency planning and preparedness activities from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

FEMA established the Radiological Emergency Preparedness (REP) Program to:

  • Ensure the health and safety of citizens living around commercial nuclear power plants would be adequately protected in the event of a nuclear power plant accident
  • Inform and educate the public about radiological emergency preparedness

REP Program responsibilities encompass only offsite activities, that is, state, tribal, and local government emergency planning and preparedness activities that take place beyond the nuclear power plant boundaries. Onsite activities continue to be the responsibility of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

Turkey Point Power Generating Station


The area surrounding a nuclear power plant falls into one of two zones used for emergency planning:

  • Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ)
    • Extends 10 miles from the nuclear power plant
    • Exposure through direct contact with or inhalation of radioactive particles released in a plume
  • Ingestion Pathway Zone (IPZ)
    • Extends 50 miles from the nuclear power plant
    • Exposure through consumption of contaminated agricultural and dairy products

Plants Operated by Florida Power & Light

St. Lucie

  • Risk Counties: Martin and St. Lucie
  • Ingestion Counties: Brevard, Indian River, Okeechobee, Osceola, and Palm Beach
  • Host Counties: Brevard, Indian River, and Palm Beach

Turkey Point

  • Risk Counties: Miami-Dade and Monroe
  • Ingestion Counties: Broward and Collier

Turkey Point Nuclear Power Plant Quick Facts

  • Location: Biscayne Bay
  • Size of site: 3,300 acres
  • First unit operational in 1972
  • Second unit operational in 1973
  • Generates approximately 1,400 million watts of electricity - enough power to supply the annual needs of more than 450,000 homes
  • Manufactured by Westinghouse

Additional Information Available